Gastroenterology is one of the major specialties in the medical sciences which focuses on the health of the digestive system or the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Similarly, a gastroenterologist is a professional who is specialized in treating a wide range of diseases like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), hepatitis C, etc.
Here, most perform the endoscopic method in which they involve the use of specialized instruments to view the GI tract thus, helping in properly diagnosing the treatment.
Gastrointestinal disorders are of several types such as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, etc. Their symptoms can be watered down by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, practicing good bowel habits, and submitting to cancer screening. These disorders can result in worsening the situation so, it is imperative to consult the best gastroenterologist in Pune.
However, these gastrointestinal disorders can be classified into 2 classes:
Functional gastrointestinal disorders
Functional disorders can be defined as those in which the gastrointestinal (GI) tract looks normal but doesn’t work properly. So, constipation and irritable bowel syndrome are some of the most common problems affecting the GI tract including the colon and rectum.
Know about the 2 functional diseases of that gastroenterologists treat:
When it is hard to have a bowel movement or in passing stools and the frequency of the proper bowel movement is less than three times a week, or incomplete then it might be an indication of constipation. Constipation is normally caused by limited water intake, inadequate “roughage” or fiber in the diet, or a disruption of the routine or diet. This can be treated by increasing the water intake and fiber in your diet.
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Also, known by various names like spastic colon, irritable colon, and nervous stomach, irritable bowel syndrome can be defined as the condition in which the colon muscle contracts more often than in people without IBS. There are some foods, emotional stress are some circumstances that can trigger IBS.
When to go to a doctor?
- Excess gas
- Abdominal pain and cramps
- Change in bowel habits such as harder, looser, or more urgent stools than usual
- Alternating constipation and diarrhea
The home remedies can also be proved to be beneficial like avoiding caffeine, increasing fiber in the diet, etc.
Structural gastrointestinal disorders
Unlike functional disorders, structural disorders are those in which the bowel also looks abnormal and does not work properly. Sometimes, there is a need to remove instructional disorders surgically.
- an anal disease that you must be aware of:
It is caused by chronic excess stress from trying during a bowel movement, persistent diarrhea, or pregnancy.
- Anal fissure
It can be defined as holes or cracks in the lining of the anal opening. The cause of the dysfunction is the passage of very hard or watery stools. It can be treated by the consumption of a high fibrous diet and if more serious would need you to take pain medicines.
- Perianal abscesses
Perianal abscesses happen when the small anal glands which are open on the inside of the anus become blocked, and the bacteria always present in these glands causes an infection. As a puss exhibits, this results in the formation of an abscess. This can be treated by draining the abscess.
Is self-management the key solution?
Self-management is the key solution for the maximum of gastrointestinal disorders. So, the colon and rectum can be stopped or reduced by keeping a healthy lifestyle, practicing good bowel habits, and submitting to cancer screening.
So, if you are suffering from any of the disorder then should no more waste time and immediately consult the best gastroenterology doctor in Nashik.